Knowledge Globalization Conference, 13th International Knowledge Globalization Confernece 2018

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Barriers to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

Arif Reza, Mohammad Mofasserul Islam, Md. Jobayer, Mohammed Ataur Rahman

Last modified: 2018-01-11

Abstract


The Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) is known for its ethnic, cultural, and environmental diversity. Majority of the people living in the CHT are directly or indirectly benefited and dependent on the forest for their livelihood. Hill forest in the CHT represents about 13% of the total forest area of Bangladesh and serving as a habitat for different flora and fauna and providing many important ecosystem services including freshwater enhancement, soil conservation, biodiversity conservation, food and resources etc. However, biodiversity of the CHT is decreasing day by day. This paper focused on finding the barriers to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in forests of CHT based on available publications and grey literature. The study reveals that factors such as increasing population, overexploitation of resources, deforestation, land use change, introduction of exotic species, habitat degradation, developing infrastructures without considering the geo-ecological characteristics, climate change, knowledge gap, policy problems etc. are mainly acting as barriers. Initiatives like ecosystem survey, promoting ecosystem enhancement activities, biodiversity restoration, mixed fruit culture, reforestation and afforestation in the barren areas, law enforcement and awareness raising activities can be taken collaboratively to ensure sustainable biodiversity conservation in the region.