Knowledge Globalization Conference, 13th International Knowledge Globalization Confernece 2018

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How Tourism Can Help Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in Bangladesh

Ayateena Ali, Sakib Bin Amin, Farhana Shahnaz

Last modified: 2018-01-11


Tourism plays a vital role in paving the way towards a more peaceful planet and opens new possibilities to foster tourism as an instrument of peace and tolerance. In order to contribute to the creation of a collective consciousness of tourism, it is based on some principles and goals to maintain its sustainability. Tourism is well-positioned to economic growth and development which helps to provide more income through job creation. This sustainable tourism development creates reduction in poverty, promote new business and empower women and youth. Tourism spurs agricultural products by selling the local products to tourist destination which results in increase in income in local communities and leads to end of hunger, achieve food security, improvement in nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Tourism’s contribution to economic growth and development can also have a knock-on effect on health and well-being i.e. the foreign earning and income tax from tourists can be invested and empowered local health care and services such as maternal health, reduce child mortality and also prevent diseases. In the tourism sector, a good level of training is very crucial. Tourism can provide incentive to invest in education and professional training to promote professional mobility for young people, women and indigenous communities to transmit the value of tolerance, peace and non-violence. Tourism can empower women in multiple ways. Tourism is a tool for the empowerment of women which helps to unlock their potential, helping them to become fully engaged and lead in every aspect of society.

Tourism industry can help any nation to achieve the sustainable development goals. For example, in the context of goal 7, as a sector that requires substantial energy input, tourism can accelerate the shift toward renewable energy and increase its share in the global energy mix. Tourism can promote investments in sustainable energy sources and aid conservation efforts. As for goal 8, tourism is considered one of the key driving forces of global economic growth. By giving access to decent work opportunities in the tourism sector, society can benefit from increased skills and professional development.  Tourism can help build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation, in line with goal 9. The sector can incentivize national governments to upgrade their infrastructure and retrofit their industries, making them more sustainable, resource-efficient and clean and facilitating further sustainable industrialization, necessary for economic growth, development and innovation. Tourism can be a powerful tool for community development and reducing inequalities if it engages local populations and all key stakeholders in its development. Tourism can contribute to urban renewal and rural development and reduce regional imbalances by giving communities the opportunity to prosper in their place of origin. Sustainable tourism has the potential to advance urban infrastructure and universal accessibility, promote regeneration of areas in decay and preserve cultural and natural heritage, assets on which tourism depends.

The main aim of this study is to analyze the tourism industry in Bangladesh for the achievement of the SGDs.